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Kraj chce energii ze skládek komunálního odpadu

Využívat zbylou směs komunálního odpadu pro energetické účely si bere za své nový projekt, který vzniká v těchto dnech v našem kraji. Měl by být pod patronací nově vznikajícího Krajského integrovaného centra nakládání s odpady (KIC), na jehož vzniku se shodl kraj společně s pěti městy regionu – Ostravou, Karvinou, Frýdkem-Místkem, Havířovem a také Opavou.
Předpokládaná kapacita tohoto moderního zařízení, které by mělo být v následujících 6 letech postaveno na území kraje, konkrétně v lokalitě Barbora poblíž Karviné, je zhruba 190 tisíc tun komunálního odpadu za rok s celoroční výrobou elektrické energie a tepla. Zařízení vyjde bezmála na 5 miliard korun. Mimo finančních prostředků z Evropské unie kraj předpokládá využití úvěru např. z Evropské investiční banky a peněz z vlastních zdrojů. Zařízení pro energetické využívání komunálního odpadu si na splátky úvěru podle náměstka hejtmana Miroslava Nováka vydělá prodejem tepla a elektrické energie a příjmem plateb za zpracování odpadů.
Ročně vzniká v České republice přibližně 30 miliónů tun odpadů, z toho zhruba 4 milióny tun zaujímá komunální odpad. Komunální odpady tedy představují necelých 15% celkového množství odpadů, které u nás vznikají. Přesto je s nimi nejvíc starostí. Většina se ukládá na skládkách, pouze zhruba 400 tisíc tun, tedy pouhých 10 %, se energeticky využívá. Česká republika v tomto ohledu zaostává za ostatními státy Evropy. Milióny tun komunálního odpadu, které skončí ročně na skládkách, by přitom mohlo v energetice nahradit stejné množství hnědého uhlí.
„Evropa dokázala, že jiné opravdu účinné cesty než energetického využívání odpadů, není. Dokonce i tříděný odpad končí ve spalovnách, pouze je ta cesta dražší,“ vysvětluje náměstek Novák. „Jsem přesvědčen, že problém stále se zvětšujících skládek komunálních odpadů v naší republice je nutné řešit opravdu rychle. Plánovaná výstavba zařízení pro energetické využívání komunálního odpadu je nejen podle mne nejideálnějším řešením. Navíc energetickým využitím odpadů získáme teplo a elektrickou energii a zároveň ušetříme až 90 % objemu skládek,“ dodává Miroslav Novák s tím, že energie z odpadů je moderním trendem podporovaným Evropskou unií.
Vyrábět energii z odpadu je výhodné. Většina z nás si už zvykla třídit doma plasty, papír a sklo. Všichni ale víme, že pokaždé zůstane nevábný zbytek, který už se dotřídit ani recyklovat nedá, skončí v popelnici a posléze na skládce. Bohužel zařízení pro energetické využívání odpadu, lidově spalovny, mají v České republice všeobecně špatnou pověst.
Spálením odpadu zcela jistě vznikají znečišťující i nebezpečné látky. Podobné či stejné látky se však uvolňují i u nás doma, ať již z kamen, z motorů aut nebo při táboráku. Rozdíl je v tom, že ve spalovně jsou veškeré znečišťující látky nepřetržitě kontrolovány a jsou zde vysoce výkonná a spolehlivá zařízení, která tyto látky bezpečně zachytí. Obecně platí, že spalovny jsou nejhlídanějšími provozy.
„Množství znečišťujících látek v odcházejících spalinách je zanedbatelné a dá se srovnat se spalinami, které odcházejí z výtopny na zemní plyn, která je považována za nejčistší zdroj energie. Čistá energie ze spalovny nahradí teplo dnes vyráběné v klasické teplárně z černého uhlí,“ dodává Miroslav Novák s tím, že paradoxní je, že i přes veškeré výhody pro životní prostředí, podporu ministerstva životního prostředí stavba doposud nemá. Právě toto „zelené“ ministerstvo totiž kraji blokuje možné dotace z evropských peněz.

8 comments for “Kraj chce energii ze skládek komunálního odpadu

  1. 12. 10. 2016 at 17.34

    I would like to hear any of those voicemails…do you still have them? Does anyone else have any threats from Harley or Leanne to post here? I am not surprised by his behavior but it is still shocking… he’s really crazy…

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